Pillar 1: Safe Learning Facilities

Making schools safer place for learning to safeguard school communities from death and injuries due to structural collapse, damages or malfunctions.

Implementable Activities


A place for learning to safeguard school communities from death and injuries due to structural collapse, damages, or malfunctions and minimise losses to school facilities investments


  • Identifying hazard, assessing likely structural impacts of existing schools & facilities, and access to schools, especially in hazard-prone areas
  • Implementing structural and non-structural mitigation measures to improve structural safety (including retrofitting & re-modelling e.g. expanding area for fire exit, and securing tanks, equipment and furnishings in earthquake and cyclone-prone areas)
  • Safe site selection for construction of new schools


  • Strict compliance of school construction to existing national building codes and other building regulations and standards
  • Ensuring school buildings and facilities design able to withstand hazard impacts, including localised small-scale hazards
  • Ensuring construction supervision and quality controls are handled by officials/personnel with sound technical competence on structural safety from hazard aspects and building standards
  • Training on DRR considerations to relevant entities involved in school construction

Detailed Activities as Guide for Operationalising the Framework

For existing schools (in hazard zones or aging conditions)

  • Conduct risk assessment on structural aspects: school site, buildings & facilities Local engineers, technicians
  • Develop guidelines for school retrofitting and for school-based mitigation strategies Ministry/Department of Public Works and Construction
  • Set up criteria for structural mitigation and modifications prioritising schools in highest risk zones Ministry/Department of Public Works and Construction
  • Implement structural retrofit as per results of risk assessment Local engineers, technicians, local contractors
  • Set budgetary provision for structural interventions Budget Bureau and Planning Department
  • Develop guidelines and financing system for on-going and deferred maintenance Engineering officials, Ministry/Department of Public Works, Construction, etc.
  • Ensure building maintenance conducted on regular basis and necessary actions are done
  • Pre-position back-up system such as electricity generators, and others as required

Progress Monitoring Indicators

  • B1: Guidance and regulations are in place from appropriate authorities for safe school construction (SFDRR Priority 2)
  • B2: Safe school site selection, design and construction are monitored for compliance/ enforcement by appropriate authorities. (SFDRR Priority 2)
  • B.3. A systematic plan for assessment and prioritisation for retrofit and replacement of unsafe schools developed and implemented. (SFDRR Priority 1)
  • B.4 The prioritisation plan for upgrading of existing unsafe schools is resourced and implemented. (SFDRR Priority 3)
  • B5 Education authorities promoted routine maintenance and non-structural mitigation for increased safety and protection of investments in public schools. (SFDRR Priority 3)
  • B6: Planning is undertaken for limited use of schools as temporary shelters or collective centres, during the school year. (SFDRR Priority 4)

For more details download: ASEAN Common Framework for Comprehensive School Safety

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