Pillar 2: School Disaster Management

Ensuring school community and education sector are able to plan and take necessary actions to mitigate, prepare for, respond to, cope with and recover from hazard impacts and disaster events.

Implementable Activities


Ensuring school community (and education sector as a whole) able to assess risks, plan for mitigation, prepare for response to, cope with and recover from disaster events; and have capacity to act effectively and in a timely manner


  • Identifying hazard, assessing likely structural impacts of existing schools & facilities, and access to schools, especially in hazard-prone areas
  • Implementing structural and non-structural mitigation measures to improve structural safety (including retrofitting & re-modelling e.g. expanding area for fire exit, and securing tanks, equipment and furnishings in earthquake and cyclone-prone areas)
  • Safe site selection for construction of new schools


  • Strict compliance of school construction to existing national building codes and other building regulations and standards
  • Ensuring school buildings and facilities design able to withstand hazard impacts, including localised small-scale hazards
  • Ensuring construction supervision and quality controls are handled by officials/personnel with sound technical competence on structural safety from hazard aspects and building standards
  • Training on DRR considerations to relevant entities involved in school construction

Detailed Activities as Guide for Operationalising the Framework

For existing schools (in hazard zones or aging conditions)

  • Conduct risk assessment on structural aspects: school site, buildings & facilities Local engineers, technicians
  • Develop guidelines for school retrofitting and for school-based mitigation strategies Ministry/Department of Public Works and Construction
  • Set up criteria for structural mitigation and modifications prioritising schools in highest risk zones Ministry/Department of Public Works and Construction
  • Implement structural retrofit as per results of risk assessment Local engineers, technicians, local contractors
  • Set budgetary provision for structural interventions Budget Bureau and Planning Department
  • Develop guidelines and financing system for on-going and deferred maintenance Engineering officials, Ministry/Department of Public Works, Construction, etc.
  • Ensure building maintenance conducted on regular basis and necessary actions are done
  • Pre-position back-up system such as electricity generators, and others as required

Progress Monitoring Indicators

  • B1: Guidance and regulations are in place from appropriate authorities for safe school construction (SFDRR Priority 2)
  • B2: Safe school site selection, design and construction are monitored for compliance/ enforcement by appropriate authorities. (SFDRR Priority 2)
  • B.3. A systematic plan for assessment and prioritisation for retrofit and replacement of unsafe schools developed and implemented. (SFDRR Priority 1)
  • B.4 The prioritisation plan for upgrading of existing unsafe schools is resourced and implemented. (SFDRR Priority 3)
  • B5 Education authorities promoted routine maintenance and non-structural mitigation for increased safety and protection of investments in public schools. (SFDRR Priority 3)
  • B6: Planning is undertaken for limited use of schools as temporary shelters or collective centres, during the school year. (SFDRR Priority 4)

For more details download: ASEAN Common Framework for Comprehensive School Safety

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