The Government of Indonesia has shown strong commitment to ensuring school safety. The Disaster Management Law and National Action Plan for Disaster Risk Reduction acknowledge education as one of the priority sectors. In 2010, the Ministry of Education and Culture established the National Secretariat for Safe Schools (Sekretariat Nasional Sekolah Aman – SEKNAS) issuing a circular letter that encouraged the mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction into the school curriculum, and created a Special Allocation Fund for safe school rehabilitation.1 In 2012, the government issued Guidelines for the Implementation of Safe Schools and Madrasas (Islamic schools).
In Cambodia’s Strategic National Action Plan for Disaster Risk Reduction, the education sector is highlighted in two of its six components, which have provided a framework for school safety eﬀorts in Cambodia. Subsequently, a number of initiatives have been implemented, including: the integration of disaster risk reduction into the school curricula of Grade 8’s Earth science and geography subjects, development of school construction guidelines, and issuance of a child-friendly school policy, which promotes child’s basic rights, and emphasises child-centred disaster risk reduction and school safety initiatives, including child protection from disasters.
Since Cyclone Nargis devastated Myanmar in 2008, the Government of Myanmar made strong commitments to ensure safety in schools through the development of policies, plans and guidelines, and the establishment of multi-stakeholder working groups dedicated to the implementation of different aspects of school safety.
In Thailand, the Office of the Basic Education Commission (OBEC), under the Ministry of Education is responsible for education from primary to high school level. Since 2007, OBEC has recognised school safety and has been working with the Department of Disaster Prevention and Management (DDPM) and other organisations to promote school safety. In 2011, Thailand committed to improve the safety of 32,000 schools as part of the United Nations One Million Safe Schools and Hospitals Campaign.